Mongolian Academy of Sciences (MAS)

The Mongolian Academy of Sciences (MAS) was founded by the Decree of the Presidium of the Great Hural (Assembly) of the Mongolian People’s Republic in 1961 and its new Statutes were defined by the Law of May 23, 1996.

Members of the Academy are elected at its General Assembly. Until 1991 there were two categories of membership: those of corresponding member and full member, but since 1991 there is only that of full member.

The Academy has a policy to encourage the scientific activity of young scientists. For instance, there is an Association of Young Scientists established 2002 and annual seminars for young scientists are held regularly. Every year, one or two young scientists are nominated for the prize of the President of Mongolia. However, there is no special policy to increase the number of female members. They are elected simply by their merit. There is only one female member out of 57 members of the Academy.

The General Assembly, the Presidium and the President of the Academy constitute the governing instances of the Academy. The Presidium is a permanent collegiate body of management. The Academy Presidium shall report to the General Assembly on the most important resolutions adopted during the period between General Assembly sessions. The President of the Academy acts as the science and technology adviser to the Prime Minister and to the President of Mongolia.

The Academy releases a quarterly journal Proceedings of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences established in 1961 and the monthly newspaper Science established since 1996. In addition, every research Institute has a serial journal that is published every year.

The funding for the Mongolian Academy of Sciences is appropriated by the Government on a yearly basis.

The Academy grants the “Khubilai Khaan” Gold Medal and Honorary Diploma which is given based on scientific merit. There is also a three category prize for the best works given every two years.

Under the direct supervision of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences there are 17 research Institutes and centers established at different times:

  1. Institute of Language and Literature 1921.
  2. Institute of History 1921.
  3. Institute of Geography 1926.
  4. Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics 1957
  5. Institute of Physics and Technology 1961
  6. Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology 1961.
  7. Institute of Botany 1961.
  8. Center for Paleontology 1964.
  9. Institute of Biology 1965.
  10. Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources 1966.
  11. Institute of International Studies 1968.
  12. Institute of Philosophy, Society and Law 1972.
  13. Institute of Informatics 1987
  14. Institute of Geo-ecology 1997.
  15. International Institute of for the Study of Nomadic Civilization 1998.
  16. Institute of National Development 1999.
  17. Institute of Archeology 2002.

There are also 9 scientific production corporations with dual affiliation. They are:

  1. Science, Technology, Manufacturing “Energy” Corporation,
  2. Renewable Energy Corporation,
  3. The Building, Architecture, Research, Experiment, Enterprise and Business Corporation,
  4. Light Industry Science, Technology and Manufacturing “Armo” Corporation,
  5. Electronics and Machine Research Corporation,
  6. The Mongolian Agricultural Engineering Corporation,
  7. Food Research and Production Corporation “Hunstech”
  8. Traditional Medicine-Technology and Production Corporation,
  9. The Mongolian Center for Technology Transfer.

The General Assembly of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences sets forth the directions of academic activities and supervises execution. Mongolia has chosen a path of development based on new scientific knowledge and advanced technology. Therefore, the main missions of the Academy are to conduct research in basic and technological sciences for the purpose of obtaining further knowledge and provide advice for the decision making governmental bodies, and to undertake Government-assigned projects with regard to key science and technology issues in the process of social, economic and cultural development in Mongolia.

As a country situated at the crossroads between Europe and Asia, the Mongolian Academy of Sciences has cooperative arrangements with scientific organizations in Europe and Asia. It is a national member of the Association of Academies of Sciences in Asia (AASA), the Inter Academy Panel (IAP), the International Council for Science (ICSU), the Science Council of Asia (SCA), The Mongolian Academy has established links with the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS) as well. At present, the Mongolian Academy has established formal contacts with more than 70 major research and academic organizations in more than 25 countries. In addition, it has signed over 130 agreements and protocols both by the Academy itself as well as by its Institutes with equivalent international academic institutions.