Commissioned by the governments of Brazil and China, this report identifies a scientific consensus framework for directing global energy development. It lays out the science, technology and policy roadmap for developing energy resources to drive economic growth in both industrialized and developing countries while also securing climate protection and global development goals. The report was produced by a study panel of 15 world-renowned energy experts, co-chaired by Nobel Laureate Steven Chu, Director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab in the United States, and José...
Commissioned by the governments of Brazil and China, this report identifies a scientific consensus framework for directing global energy development. It lays out the science, technology and policy roadmap for developing energy resources to drive economic growth in both industrialized and developing countries while also securing climate protection and global development goals. The report was produced by a study panel of 15 world-renowned energy experts, co-chaired by Nobel Laureate Steven Chu, Director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab in the United States, and José Goldemberg, former Secretary of State for the Environment for the State of São Paulo, Brazil.
Lighting the way establishes the best practices for a global transition to a clean, affordable and sustainable energy supply in both developing and developed countries. The report addresses incentives that can accelerate the development of innovative solutions, provides recommendations for financial investments in research and development and explores other transition pathways that can transform the landscape of energy supply and demand around the globe.
In addressing mitigation of the environmental impacts of energy generation and use, Lighting the way informs global action on climate change, such as implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, agenda setting for the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate, and ongoing multinational talks on future global action to reduce greenhouse emissions.
Lighting the way also confronts the unequal access to energy experienced by the one-third of the world’s population without access to basic energy services, and makes recommendations for addressing this disparity as well as for promoting national and global energy security.
This report was externally reviewed in draft form by 15 internationally renowned experts chosen for their diverse perspectives, technical knowledge, and geographical representation, in accordance with procedures approved by the IAC Board. The purpose of this independent review was to provide candid and critical comments that would help the IAC to produce a sound report that met the IAC standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review procedure and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. The IAC wishes to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:
Eric ASH, former Rector, Imperial College, London,UK
Rangan BANERJEE, Professor, Energy Systems Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay, Mumbai, India
Edouard BRÉZIN, Professor of Physics, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, France; and former President, French Academy of Sciences
CHENG Yong, Director and Professor, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Guangdong, China
Adinarayantampi GOPALAKRISHNAN, Professor of Energy & Security, ASCI, Hyderabad, India
Jack JACOMETTI, Vice President, Shell Oil Corporation, London, UK
Steven KOONIN, Chief Scientist, British Petroleum P.L.C., London, UK
LEE Yee Cheong, Member, Energy Commission of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur; and former President, World Federation of Engineering Organizations
Isaias C. MACEDO, Interdisciplinary Center for Energy Planning, State University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
Maurice STRONG, former Under-Secretary General of the United Nations; Secretary General, 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development
Maurício TOLMASQUIM, President, Energy Research Company (EPE), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Engin TURE, Associate Director, International Centre for Hydrogen Energy Technologies-UNIDO, Istanbul, Turkey
Hermann-Josef WAGNER, Professor of Engineering, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany
Dietrich H. WELTE, former Professor of Geology, RWTH Aachen University; Founder, IES GmBH Integrated Exploration Systems, Aachen, Germany
Jacques L. WILLEMS, Professor Emeritus, Faculty of Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions and recommendations, nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release.
The review of this report was overseen by two review monitors:
Ralph J. CICERONE, President, United States National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, USA
R. A. MASHELKAR, President, Indian National Science Academy; and Bhatnagar Fellow, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India
Appointed by the IAC Co-Chairs, the review monitors were responsible for ascertaining that the independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with IAC procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. However, responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring Study Panel and the InterAcademy Council.