Realizing the Promise and Potential of African Agriculture

Africa is rich in both natural and human resources, yet nearly 200 million of its people are undernourished because of inadequate food supplies.  Comprehensive strategies are needed across the continent to harness the power of science and technology (S&T) in ways that boost agricultural productivity, profitability, and sustainability -- ultimately ensuring that all Africans have access to enough safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs.  This report addresses the question of how science and technology can be mobilized to make that promise a reality.

Africa is rich in both natural and human resources, yet nearly 200 million of its people are undernourished because of inadequate food supplies.  Comprehensive strategies are needed across the continent to harness the power of science and technology (S&T) in ways that boost agricultural productivity, profitability, and sustainability -- ultimately ensuring that all Africans have access to enough safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs.  This report addresses the question of how science and technology can be mobilized to make that promise a reality.

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  • Annex E. Abbreviations and Acronyms

    AARINENA
    Association of Agricultural Research Institutes in the Near East and North Africa

    AATF
    African Agricultural Technology Foundation

    ACARE
    African centre of agricultural research excellence

    ACBF
    African Capacity Building Foundation

    AERC
    African Economic Research Consortium

    AgGDP
    Agricultural gross domestic product

    AGORA
    Access to Global On-line Research in Agriculture

    AKIS
    Agricultural knowledge information system

    ARC
    Agricultural Research Corporation (Sudan)

    AREU
    Agricultural Research and Extension Unit (Mauritius)

    ARI
    Advanced research institute

    ASARECA
    Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa

    ASTI
    Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (project)

    AVU
    African Virtual University

    BIFAD
    Board of International Food and Agricultural Development

    CAADP
    Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Programme (of NEPAD)

    CBD
    Convention on Biological Diversity

    CBO
    Community-based organisation

    CGIAR
    Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

    CIESIN
    Centre for International Earth Science Information Network

    CIHEAM
    Centre International de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Mediterraneennes

    CIMMYT
    International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center

    CIRAD
    Centre de Cooperation Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement

    CNRA
    Centre National de Recherche Agronomique (Cote d'Ivoire)

    CORAF
    Le Conseil Ouest et Centre Africain pour la Recherche et le Developpement Agricoles (WECARD)

    DARHRD
    Directorate of Agricultural Research and Human Resources Development(Eritrea)

    DFID
    Department for International Development (U.K.)

    DRD
    Department of Research and Development (Tanzania)

    EARO
    Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization

    EU
    European Union

    FAO
    Food and Agriculture Organization (United Nations)

    FARA
    Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa

    FOFIFA
    National Centre for Applied Research on Rural Development (Madagascar)

    FTE
    Full time equivalent

    GDP
    Gross domestic product

    GFAR
    Global Forum for Agricultural Research

    GIS
    Geographic Information System

    GMO
    Genetically modified organism

    GNEST
    Global Network of Ethiopians for Science & Technology

    HIV/AIDS
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

    IAC
    InterAcademy Council

    IAP
    InterAcademy Panel on International Issues

    IARC
    International agricultural research centre

    ICARDA
    International Centre for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas

    ICIPE
    International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology

    ICRISAT
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

    ICT
    Information and communication technology

    IFDC
    International Center for Soil Fertility and Agricultural Development

    IITA
    International Institute for Tropical Agriculture

    ILRI
    International Livestock Research Institute

    IPGRI
    International Plant Genetics Resources Institute

    IPM
    Integrated pest management

    IPR
    Intellectual property rights

    IRD
    Research Institute for Development (previously ORSTOM) (France)

    ISABU
    Institut des Sciences Agronomiques du Burundi

    ISNAR
    International Service for National Agricultural Research

    ISRA
    Agricultural Research Institute of Senegal

    ITC
    International Trade Centre (technical cooperation agency of UNCTAD and WTO)

    KARI
    Kenyan Agricultural Research Institute

    MAPP
    Multi-Country Agricultural Productivity Program (World Bank)

    MSIRI
    Mauritius Sugar Research Institute

    NAADS
    National Agricultural Advisory and Development Service (Uganda)

    NAREES
    National agricultural research, education and extension system

    NARI
    National agricultural research institute

    NARO
    National Agricultural Research Organization (Uganda)

    NARS
    National agricultural research system

    NEPAD
    New Partnerships for Africa's Development

    NERICA
    New Rice for Africa

    NGO
    Nongovernmental organization

    NUTMON
    Nutrient monitoring at farm level

    OECD
    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

    PRSPs
    Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers

    QPM
    Quality Protein Maize

    R&D
    Research and development

    S&T
    Science and technology

    SACCAR
    Southern African Centre for Cooperation in Agricultural Research

    SADC
    Southern African Development Community

    SFI
    Sustainable Financial Initiative (World Bank, USAID and SPAAR)

    SPAAR
    Special Program for African Agricultural Research

    SRO
    Subregional organization

    TEEAL
    The Essential Electronic Agricultural Library (Cornell University)

    TOKEN
    Transfer of Knowledge through Expatriate Nationals

    TRIPS
    Trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights

    TRIT
    Tea Research Institute of Tanzania

    UNCTAD
    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    UNDP
    United Nations Development ProgramUNEP United National Environment Program

    UNESCO
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

    UPOV
    l'Union Internationale pour la Protection des Obtentions Vegetales (International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants)

    USAID
    United States Agency for International Development

    WARDA
    West African Rice Development Association

    WECARD
    West and Central African Council for Agricultural Research and Development = CORAF

    WHO
    World Health Organization (United Nations)

    WIPO
    World Intellectual Property Organization

    WTO
    World Trade Organization

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