Realizing the Promise and Potential of African Agriculture

Africa is rich in both natural and human resources, yet nearly 200 million of its people are undernourished because of inadequate food supplies.  Comprehensive strategies are needed across the continent to harness the power of science and technology (S&T) in ways that boost agricultural productivity, profitability, and sustainability -- ultimately ensuring that all Africans have access to enough safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs.  This report addresses the question of how science and technology can be mobilized to make that promise a reality.

Africa is rich in both natural and human resources, yet nearly 200 million of its people are undernourished because of inadequate food supplies.  Comprehensive strategies are needed across the continent to harness the power of science and technology (S&T) in ways that boost agricultural productivity, profitability, and sustainability -- ultimately ensuring that all Africans have access to enough safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs.  This report addresses the question of how science and technology can be mobilized to make that promise a reality.

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  • Growth in Student Numbers
    Between 1960 and 1996, the number of universities in Africa increased from less than 20 to nearly 160. Student numbers grew by 8 percent per year, from 119,000 to almost 2 million over the same period. Funding of higher education generally matched the expanded number of universities and students during the 1960s and 1970s, but has fallen well below growth in student numbers since the early 1980s. The expansion phase of the 1960s and 1970s was followed by a retrenchment phase in the 1980s and a renewal phase in the early 1990s.
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