Realizing the Promise and Potential of African Agriculture

Africa is rich in both natural and human resources, yet nearly 200 million of its people are undernourished because of inadequate food supplies.  Comprehensive strategies are needed across the continent to harness the power of science and technology (S&T) in ways that boost agricultural productivity, profitability, and sustainability -- ultimately ensuring that all Africans have access to enough safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs.  This report addresses the question of how science and technology can be mobilized to make that promise a reality.

Africa is rich in both natural and human resources, yet nearly 200 million of its people are undernourished because of inadequate food supplies.  Comprehensive strategies are needed across the continent to harness the power of science and technology (S&T) in ways that boost agricultural productivity, profitability, and sustainability -- ultimately ensuring that all Africans have access to enough safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs.  This report addresses the question of how science and technology can be mobilized to make that promise a reality.

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  • Tables

    Table 2.1
    Factors involved in attaining food security

    Table 2.2
    The extent of child malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa farming systems

    Table 3.1
    Farming systems of Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and the Middle East

    Table 3.2
    Major animal production systems in African agro-ecological zones

    Table 3.3
    Irrigated land in farming systems in Africa in 2000

    Table 3.4
    Proportions of rainfed areas and production totals in 1995 and projected to 2021-25 in Africa

    Table 3.5
    Indicators for priority assessment in ten major African farming systems

    Table 3.6
    Major characteristics of suggested priority farming systems

    Table 3.7
    Productivity trends for various commodities in the suggested priority farming systems

    Table 4.1
    Gaps in rice yields in various rice ecologies and most relevant constraints to current production

    Table 4.2
    Yield increase in maize due to the adoption of a technology package, comprising improved varieties, fertilizers and pesticides

    Table 4.3
    Constraints to and strategies for adoption of cereal (sorghum and millet) production in the West African semi-arid tropics

    Table 4.4
    The top ten livestock diseases/pathogens according to their impact on the poor

    Table 5.1
    Classification of African countries by the size of their national agricultural research system

    Table 5.2
    Composition of expenditures and researchers in agricultural research and development in selected African countries, 2000

    Table 5.3
    Agricultural R&D intensity ratios in selected African countries for 1981, 1991, and 2000

    Table 5.4
    Rates of return to selected agricultural research projects or programs by geographical region

    Table 6.1
    Comparative cost of graduate degrees in agriculture in various universities

    Table 7.1
    Net gains in economic welfare from global trade liberalization towards 2025

    Table 7.2
    Returns to government investments in rural Uganda

    Table 8.1
    Target audiences and time frames for impact of strategic recommendations

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