Africa is rich in both natural and human resources, yet nearly 200 million of its people are undernourished because of inadequate food supplies. Comprehensive strategies are needed across the continent to harness the power of science and technology (S&T) in ways that boost agricultural productivity, profitability, and sustainability -- ultimately ensuring that all Africans have access to enough safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs. This report addresses the question of how science and technology can be mobilized to make that promise a reality.
WORKSHOPSThe IAC charged the Study Panel with ensuring that its report would be African-led and owned. To that end, consultative workshops were held in four regions of Africa in collaboration with relevant subregional agricultural research organizations.
In the workshops leading African scientists and research managers were invited to present their views on existing constraints to increased agricultural productivity in the regions’ major agricultural/farming systems. The workshop participants also discussed the possible role of science and technology in alleviating constraints and formulated alternative interventions and strategies to improve food security. The workshop proceedings (see below) are all edited by leading African experts. They reflect the opinions of the workshop's participants and not necessarily the opinion of the IAC Study Panel.
HIGHLIGHTSThe following are the priority issues that emerged from the four regional consultative workshops.
Science and technology strategiesConstraints and opportunities
National agricultural research systems and subregional organizations
Markets and policies
Markets and trade
Resources and governance
Planning and incentives