Case studies of demanded and pushed "science for policy" actions related to SDGs
Professor Roberto Williams, President of the National Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences, Argentina (Presentation)
A set of 100 priorities related to specific SDGs was formulated by the Argentine Government in 2016 (www.odesargentina. gob.ar). The Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) was asked to prepare the 2030-STI National Plan based on these priorities. Our Academy was invited to join the Advisory Board for the preparation of this plan, together with representatives of different institutions and sectors (scientists, national and provincial governments, congress, universities, industry and services, financial sector). The integration and multi-institutional commitment of points of view of these different actors are the most important lessons of this process.
Apart from the involvement in this plan, the Academy carried out other actions related to SDGs. Of high significance was the organization of the Science 20 (S20) meeting in Argentina in 2018, with the participation of Academies of Sciences of the G20 group. A document on science-based recommendations on the sustainable management and preservation of soils was generated by S20 experts and delivered to the Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation and to the G20 summit ("science for policy" pushed by the Academy). A significant lesson was the need to concentrate on priority targets requiring R&D actions.
Promoting the engagement of government and society with the SDGs: The experience of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences
Professor Luiz Davidovich, President, Brazilian Academy of Sciences (Presentation)
This presentation will review initiatives of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (BAS) towards increasing the awareness on the SDGs by government and society. They include participation in the governmental National Committee on SDGs, supported by a workgroup, established by BAS, involving other scientific organizations in Brazil; the organization, in March 2019, of an international meeting on Science for Reduction of Poverty and Inequality (an initiative of the lAP committee on Science for Poverty Eradication- SPEC- chaired by BAS); the choice of SDGs as the central theme of the 2019 Annual Meeting of BAS; and the start of a new project, named "Dialogues for Brazil", involving workshops and debates on themes related to the SDGs. A new internet channel, "Brazilian Academy of Sciences Dialogues" is also being set up. BAS has also participated in international meetings on water resources, food security, and health issues.
The fulfillment of the SDGs requires, in addition, evidence-based political action towards government and serveral sectors of society, in order to inhibit policies that actually contradict the SDGs, like disregard for pollution, climate change and deforestation, economic and educational policies that increase social inequality, and the downplaying of science and innovation as essential ingredients of economic growth.