2019 IAP Conference and General Assembly

National case studies in Asia

The National Academy of Sciences of Sri Lanka: Engagement in Sri Lanka's SDG implementation

Professor Ranjith Mahindapala, President, National Academy of Sciences of Sri Lanka (Presentation)

The Government of Sri Lanka completed the Voluntary National Review (VNR) of the status of implementing the Sustainable Development Goals in June 2018, and the National Academy of Sciences of Sri Lanka (NASSL) was invited by the Government to review it. NASSL provided assistance, but due to inadequate funding it was unable to undertake more concrete follow-up action, most notably for its proposed interagency forum aimed at bringing together national scientific organisations to help achieve the SDGs. The National Academy of Sciences of Sri Lanka also discussed the Sri Lanka Voluntary Peoples Review (VPR) on the Status of Implementing Sustainable Development Goals, coordinated by the Sri Lanka Stakeholder SDG Platform's Platform Facility. VPR noted that the Government introduced its "Science Indicators for Policy Development" with the objective of providing information on science, technology, and education to policymakers.  It also noted that the Government had fallen behind in linking science and technology, and in building a knowledge society through improved scientific literacy while supporting national implementation  of SDGs. The Sustainable Development Council (SOC), established in terms of the provisions in the Sustainable Development Act No. 19 of 2017, is now following-up VNR. For this purpose, several working groups are being formed, and NASSL will provide them with its expertise. NASSL acts proactively, communicating  regularly with SOC and offering its services.

Proposals for multidisciplinary research for health and disaster response in a Changing Climate

Professor Hye-Yeong Chun, Yonsei University (Presentation)

The Korean Academy of Science and Technology (KAST) has been supporting the Korean government by offering its long-term vision in the field of Science and Technology, providing independent consultation and recommendation  on  governmental policies. This is provided through the KAST roundtable discussions, and reports such as the "policy study reports" and "voice of the KAST".

In this presentation,  we will present "Proposal for Multidisciplinary Research for Health and Disaster Response in a Changing Climate", a recent policy study report by the Yonsei University Division of KAST. This report provides not only an overview on the current status of science and technology related to the prediction of severe weather events associated with climate change, but also suggestions on how this information -including scientific uncertainties- can be used for disaster prevention and health programmes, especially in highly urbanized areas such as Seoul. These problems are strongly related to the SDGs 3, 11, and 13. The report suggests the development  of a research center aimed at solving some of the unknown scientific problems and delivering scientific information to decision makers.