Dr. Robin Fears, Biosciences Programme Director, European Academies Science Advisory Council (EASAC) (Presentation)
EASAC's contribution to the lAP project has emphasized that Europe is not immune from food and nutrition security (FNS) challenges. There are problems of undernutrition in vulnerable groups, overconsumption widely, and often a lack of country level data to quantify and monitor the challenges. The issues are relevant to multiple SDGs and their interactions, particularly SDG 2-3, SDG 2-13 and SDG 3-13 (but also 2-15, 2-14 and 2-7). The lAP project and its regional work streams can, itself, be seen as an international partnership example of SDG 17. Recent analysis of European progress on individual SDGs shows significant achievements for SDG 3 but much less for SDG 2. There is critical need to bridge SDG 2 and 13 to respond to climate change in ways that do not threaten FNS: the objective is sustainable, healthy diets. Responding to climate change must include adaptation for climate-smart agriculture, for example biosciences research to support new plant breeding techniques, and social sciences research to understand and inform farmer behaviour. It also entails mitigating agriculture's contribution to climate change in a way that can bring co-benefits for health. Moreover, Europe must achieve these goals, and other priorities for FNSA, in ways that do not export problems of sustainability to the rest of the world.