On February 20, 2006 a group of concerned scientists and technologists of wide experience met for the first time at the Mauritius Research Council to discuss ways and means to set up an Academy of Science for Mauritius. The objective of the proposed academy was to act like an independent high-level think-tank on science and technology issues that affect the country, and to advise those in government and the private sector accordingly The proposed academy was to be purely a scientific and technological organization having membership of local and diaspora Mauritians. After a few meetings an Executive Committee was elected, with Prof. S.Jugessur as president and Dr. A.Suddhoo as Secretary. The group came up with a draft constitution that was sent to the Registrar of associations for registration. The association was duly registered on May 24, 2007. After registration the group formally launched the Academy on July 20, 2007, with the Prime Minister Dr. Navinchandra Ramgoolam as the Chief Guest, in the presence of the Secretary General of the Academy for the Developing World (TWAS) and President of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Dr. D. Balasubramanien. Both of them were inducted as Honorary fellows of the Academy, and eleven other Mauritian members inducted as the Founding Fellows of the Academy.