Académie des Sciences et Techniques du Sénégal

The Senegal Academy of Science and Technology (ANSTS) was created at the end of the constitutive General Assembly on 9 November 1999. ANSTS is a consultative structure, a consultation and assistance body for both, public and scientific authorities, a centre of competence and expertise for the design of knowledge and the indispensable renewal of knowledge and thinking. It has a general advisory mission.

The creation of ANSTS was officially confirmed and registered under the Association Declaration Receipt N° 10120/M.INT/DAGAT/DEL/AS of 2 February 2000, governed by the provisions of articles 811 and seq. of the Code of Civil and Commercial Obligations. Its Statutes are approved by Decree N° 2006-289 of 3 April 2006. ANSTS shall be made up of regular members of Senegalese nationality, foreign associate members, corresponding members and honorary members of all nationalities and emeritus members.

The regular members (23), aside from the founding members (23), shall be elected according to a procedure described under Chapter III of the Rules of Procedure of ANSTS, namely: no one may be a member of the Academy without being elected to a vacant seat. Any candidate or incumbent to a seat of the Academy should apply to or be introduced by an academician, complete a form valid for all the Sections, be sponsored by at least two members who shall dispatch the titles and works of the candidate to the Permanent Secretary. He or she shall also be required to make a presentation or reading during a session of the Academy.

The associate members (7) and corresponding members (0) shall be co-opted upon the proposal and sponsorship of at least 2 regular members, after having received their prior consent. Their number shall not exceed 1/3 of the regular members. The honorary members (15) shall be co-opted, without numerical limitation, in the same conditions as the associate members.

The organization and operation of the Academy shall come under the authority of the General Assembly whose deliberations are valid only if at least half of the members are present at a first convening of the Assembly. If this quorum is not attained, a second meeting shall be convened at 15 days’ interval; the deliberations shall be validated by a simple majority of the members present. Aside from the ordinary session schedule for each year, the General Assembly may be convened in an extraordinary session either on the initiative of its Bureau or at the request of at least one-third of its members.

The Academy shall have four Sections: Health Science, Agricultural Science, Science and Technology, Economic and Social Science. The Sections may include as many Commissions as may be required for the smooth running of the scientific activities of the Academy. They shall meet at least once every three months.

Once every quarter, there will be a meeting of each Section, which would be open to all academicians, as well as to other guests of that area, and shall be devoted to presentations (readings, papers or communications….) on several subjects or a theme in relation to the Section concerned. The Commissions shall meet once every month.

The Bureau shall comprise a chairperson, Four Vice Chairpersons who shall be Chairpersons of Sections, a Permanent Secretary, an Assistant Secretary, a Treasurer, an Assistant Treasurer, five members including the immediate out-going chairperson.

The Bureau shall meet at least once every month. The deliberation shall be held in the same conditions as those required for the General Assembly.

In order to attain its missions and objectives, the Academy prepared a 2006-2010 Strategic Plan, from which it shall implement various programs dealing, among other, with issues related to Science, Technology and Society, and specially with the sensitization of the authorities and the general public on the impact of S+T on sustainable development, scientific and technological culture, and culture about science, technology and innovation for development. To develop a technological innovation strategy at the national and corporate level for the promotion of invention and innovation, to organize the appraisal and enhancement of the results of research and to keep an activity towards technological scanning and oversight (threats and opportunities). The Strategic Plan should also work towards national scientific and technological cooperation and integration, and it should encourage the advent of national thematic and interdisciplinary networks or systems for R+D. Finally, it should promote as well collaboration and partnerships with other scientific societies and scientific organizations, both national as well as foreign.

International activity is initiated by the Bureau of the Academy and implemented by the Permanent Secretary in conjunction with the Sections. At the multilateral level, ANSTS is a member of several networks, including: the Global Network of Academies of Science (IAP), where ANSTS is represented at the level of the Executive Committee, IAMP (Inter-Academies Medical Panel), TWNSO (Third World Network of Scientific Organizations), NASIC (Network of Academies of Science of the member countries of the Islamic Conference), NASAC (Network of Africa’s Academies of Sciences), ANSTS cooperates extensively with foreign Academies of Sciences within bilateral agreements, particularly with those of France (Science, Medicine, Pharmacy, Agriculture), Italy, the United States, Romania and Canada.

On an individual basis, ANSTS has several of its members in TWAS (Third World Academy of Sciences), AAS (African Academy of Sciences) and AIS (Islamic Academy of Sciences).