Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ANUBiH)

The Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ANUBiH), the highest scientific and artistic institution in the country, was founded by the Law on the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1966, under the terms of which the Scientific Society (founded 1951), became an institution with the status of Academy. Pursuant to the provisions of the Law and Bylaws, ANUBiH is composed of six departments established in line with selected branches of the sciences and the arts. Each Department is headed by a Secretary, elected by Department members and ratified by the ANUBiH Assembly. The work of the Departments is coordinated by the Assembly and the Presidency of the Academy.

The Departments are authorized to form working groups (Committees and Commissions) that initiate study and evaluate various aspects of scientific and artistic activities. The working groups consist of ANUBIH members as well as other prominent persons from the relevant fields. The working groups are chaired by members of the Academy.

Within ANUBiH and its departments there are the following special organizational units: The Balkanology Research Center, headed by academician DDÅevad JuzbašiiÄ; the Lexicographic Department, headed by academician Muhamed FilipoviiÄ; the Philosophical Research Center, headed by academician Arif TanoviiÄ; and the Center for the Coordination of Medical Research, headed by academician Ladislav OOÅegoviiÄ.

The Academy is established under the Law of the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, (SRBiH Official Register No. 40/75 and 33/84 and Consolidated text in RBiH Official Register No. 15/94).

ANUBIH members are chosen from among the most eminent persons actively engaged in different fields of sciences and art. They are elected by the ANUBiH Assembly in compliance with the provisions of the Law and Bylaws, pursuant to proposals submitted by those authorized to do so by the Bylaws: departments and scientific units of ANUBiH, two ANUBiH members, and the scientific and artistic institutions of B&H (universities, faculties, higher education establishments, scientific research institutions, academies of art, and relevant associations of creative artists in the field of literature and art).

The active complement of the Academy consists of full members (Academicians) and corresponding members of ANUBiH. In addition, pursuant to current regulations, the Academy has domestic and foreign members and honorary members. Domestic members are citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina living outside BiH, while foreign members are foreign citizens.

The Academy's Electoral Assembly elects full and correspondent members by secret ballot, and domestic and foreign members by acclamation. Upon a motion by the Presidency of ANUBiH, pursuant to a prior submission by a Department, honorary members are elected by acclamation.

According to the Law and Bylaws, the governing bodies of ANUBiH are the Assembly, the Presidency and the Executive Committee. ANUBiH General Assembly consists of full and corresponding members, and of honorary members who are citizens of B&H. The ANUBiH Electoral Assembly consists of full and corresponding members of ANUBiH. The meeting of the General Assembly takes place every year in June. Members of the Presidency are elected by the Assembly by secret ballot.

The ANUBIH Presidency has 16 members: a President, two Vice-Presidents, a Secretary-General, and a representative of each Department together with the Department Secretaries. The Executive Committee is the operational and executive body of the Presidency, and consists of the President, two Vice-Presidents and the Secretary-General of ANUBiH.

Under the Law, the Academy has 6 departments: 1) Social Sciences, 2) Humanities, 3) Medical Sciences, 4) Natural Sciences and Mathematics, 5) Technology, and 6) Arts. Also The Law and Bylaw of ANUBiH prescribe the Academy’s publishing activities, which include periodical (serial) and occasional publications. The Academy also publishes, independently or in cooperation with other publishers, a substantial number of scientific and artistic works.

In accordance with the Dayton Peace Agreement which ended the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina operates within the framework of its Statutes which cannot be improved or amended because the official body – the Assembly of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina which had adopted the amendments to the previous Statutes of the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina – ceased to exist, while the new official body – the Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina – has no authority in the domain. That is why the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina acts under “petrified” Statutes. Because of that, finances and resources for the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina have not been provided by the State, but merely by a local community – the Canton of Sarajevo. As the provision of the finances for the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina has been restricted only to one local community, funds have become utterly inadequate. The Academy is funded by Canton Sarajevo with 60% of the budget and the rest (40%) is funded through projects which are based on contracts with other national entities or with representatives of the international community.

The Academy has established an annual prize for the best achievements in contemporary architecture. No other prizes are granted by the Academy, except for diplomas issued to the Academy members, commemorating their 25 years (or more) of service in Academy.

The Academy of Science and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina carries out activities which are of great interest for society in the development of sciences and the arts. Through its organizational bodies and units the Academy participates in the realization of local, regional and international projects. Some of the significant accomplished projects in the years after the war, were the “Science Policy in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina” (2002), commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Education and Science, and the “Strategy of Science and Technological Development of Bosnia and Herzegovina” (2006), commissioned by UNESCO. Documents created by these projects gave an overview of structure and potentials of the kind of science which is necessary as a base for future development in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

While Bosnia and Herzegovina was a part of SFR Yugoslavia, the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina exercised international cooperation through the Academy Council of Yugoslavia, based on protocols which the Council concluded with other national academies. After the proclamation of Bosnia and Herzegovina as an independent state (in 1991), the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina became the national academy. Thus far the Academy has renewed or established cooperation with a number of foreign academies and international institutions, including: The Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, The Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, The Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts, The Russian Academy of Sciences, The Hungarian Academy of Sciences. The National Academy Sciences of the USA, The Inter Academy Council of Southeast Europe, The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) – where ANUBiH entered as observer and the Inter -University Center (IUC) in Dubrovnik.

ANUBiH is a member of the European Federation of National Academies (ALLEA), the International Union of Academies (IUA) and the Global network of Academies of Sciences (IAP).