SYMPOSIUM 2 - COMMUNICABLE DISEASE

September 27, 2016 14:00 – 15:30
Speeches
Emerging Infectious Disease Threats/Pandemics: Prevention, detection & response (US)

Emerging and persistent infectious diseases represent an ongoing threat to the health, well-being and livelihoods of people around the world. Moreover, they represent a threat to the stability and economic health of nations. Despite initial optimism that the advent of antibiotics and vaccines might signal the end of the era of infectious diseases, infectious diseases remain the world’s greatest killer of children and young adults, and account for a large proportion of morbidity and mortality in adult populations.

The burden of infectious diseases is disproportionately large in low-income countries, with a large percentage of deaths attributable to preventable or treatable diseases such as lower respiratory infections, tuberculosis, diarrhea, malaria, and human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV/AIDS). However, no region of the world is free from the scourge of infectious disease. In fact, over the last few decades, we have ... More

Government Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens:Impact on promoting health


Abstract: Government Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens
Professor George E Griffin BSc PhD DSc FRCP FMedSci
Emeritus Professor of Infectious Diseases and Medicine St George’s, University of London

 
The UK Government established an Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens (ACDP) some forty years ago. This Committee is tripartite involving three major Government groups, namely the Department of Health (Public Health England), Health and Safety Executive and Department for the Environment Food and Rural Affairs. Initially this Committee was instituted to advise Government on infection risks in the workplace and make formal risk assessments. The remit of the Committee soon expanded to include infectious risks to the general public. Currently the Committee appointed representatives (14) meet three or four times a year and has subcommittee meetings regularly to advise on emerging issues and ... More

Models for Infectious Disease Control and Prevention: from mosquito nets to vaccines (Nigeria)

A little over 50 years ago, public health officials, were so confident about the end of infectious diseases that in 1962 McFarland Burnett stated that ‘By the end of the Second World War it was possible to say that almost all of the major practical problems of dealing with infectious disease had been solved.’ A year later T. Cockburn stated that “we can look forward with confidence to a considerable degree of freedom from infectious diseases at a time not too far in the future. Indeed, within some measurable time, all the major infections would have disappaered”. In 1969, the Surgeon General of the US Government, William Stewart, testifying before Congress, said that we could "close the book on infectious disease." Today emerging and re-emerging iinfectious diseases have kept the book on infectious diseases open, remaining among the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. These emerging infectious ... More

Combatting Anti-microbial resistance

Without effective antibiotics, many of the modern day miracles of medicine will not be within reach—cancer chemotherapy, organ donation, bone marrow transplants, routine surgeries. As Margaret Chan, Director-General of the WHO, put it, we stand at the precipice of a “post-antibiotic era.” The cost of inaction is staggering. The UK Review on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) has estimated this will total up to $100 trillion by 2050, and up to 10 million lives by that year—more than those who die from cancer today each year.
 
This looming challenge to global health has only recently seized policymaker attention, from the G7 and G77 to the WHO and the United Nations. Responding to this challenge, the World Health Assembly has adopted a Global Action Plan, a tripartite collaboration among the WHO, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) is taking shape, and ... More