The Academy of Medical Sciences of Iran (Persian: فرهنگستان علوم پزشکی جمهوری اسلامی ایران) was formally inaugurated in the winter of 1990. It had received its mandate from the High Council of Cultural Revolution and Legislature of the Islamic Republic of Iran two years earlier and its existence had been foreseen in the 1986 Charter of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education. It is one of the four academies of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The other three are: Academy of Sciences of Iran, Iranian Academy of the Arts and Academy of Persian Language and Literature.
The Academy consists of the president of the country as the director of the academy, a general assembly, the president of the academy since Autumn 2009 Professor Seyed Alireza Marandi, a vice-President for Research, a scientific council, and a secretary. The Academy publishes Archives of Iranian Medicine  which is a peer-reviewed medical journal.