The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, established by law of the Knesset in 1961, comprises 96 of Israel's most distinguished scientists. The first meeting of the Academy's General Assembly, chaired by Prime Minister Ben-Gurion, elected Prof. Martin Buber as the Academy's first President. Prof. Aharon Katzir and Prof. Gershom Scholem, who were to become the Academy's second and third Presidents, worked with the government's Ministerial Committee on Legislation to draft a bill to provide the necessary legal framework for the Israel Academy's activities. Israel's parliament, the Knesset, approved the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities Law in June 1961.
The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, established by law of the Knesset in 1961, comprises 95 of Israel's most distinguished scholars. It is divided into two sections, the Natural Sciences and the Humanities (including the social sciences), and is administered by a Council consisting of the Academy's President and Vice President, the Chairpersons for the Sciences and the Humanities, and the Executive Director. Two plenary session of the Academy are held annually, while the Sections meet 1-3 times a year. The home of the Academy is in Jerusalem, next to the official residence of Israel's President.