The document is the result of NASAC and Leopoldina Academy's collboration and, as writtent in the forward, this report focuses on the importance of water to Africa, and elaborates, through key messages, on how water security, related development and human wellbeing, can be achieved and sustained through targeted policy actions. The implementation of the proposed actions will provide Africa’s policymakers with a platform to work together to enhance water management capacity and thus improving access to safe drinking water to millions of people within the region.