The report surveys the global scientific landscape in 2011, noting the shift to an increasingly multipolar world underpinned by the rise of new scientific powers such as China, India and Brazil; as well as the emergence of scientific nations in the Middle East, South-East Asia and North Africa.

The report surveys the changing global scientific landscape in 2011, examines the growth of international collaboration which underpins it, and discusses the implications of these developments for addressing ‘global challenges’ such as climate change, food security, and infectious diseases.