The World Academy of Sciences (UNESCO-TWAS) and the InterAcademy Partnership (IAP) are closely linked.

While TWAS hosts one of the secretariat offices of IAP at its headquarters in Trieste, Italy; as an academy of science, TWAS  is  also  a  member  of  IAP.  TWAS,  however,  is  dedicated  to  building  scientific capacity in the South, on the understanding that having access to local expertise and local understanding is the best way for nations to tackle their science and technology (S&T)-related challenges. TWAS also focuses on building the capacity of young scientists in the South to engage in science diplomacy.

IAP,  on  the  other  hand,  promotes  the  use  of  the  best  available  scientific knowledge in national, regional and global policymaking. Both organizations are also dedicated to promoting the use of S&T to achieve the UN 2030 Agenda, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

In this article, authors argue that for the international science community to move  concretely  towards  sustainable  development  outcomes,  they  must  work  towards  developing  a  practice  of  Science  Diplomacy  that  is  based  on three tenets: international scientific knowledge and methods, a local experience which we characterize borrowing James Scott’s notion of metis, and  an  unwavering  commitment  to  SDG#17  (Partnerships  for  the  Goals)  and SDG#10 (Reduced Inequality). By doing so, we can tackle both fast and slow-burn issues in science diplomacy, effectively working towards progress across the SDGs, supporting women in science, and welcoming refugee and displaced scientists.

This article was published in the January-March 2021, Vol 4 (3) edition of Science Diplomacy, India’s Global Digest of Multidisciplinary Science.

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